Award Name : Padma Bhushan
Year of Award : 2012
Award for : Arts
Location : Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Anish Kapoor is a British-Indian sculptor. Born in Bombay, Kapoor has lived and worked in London since the early 1970s when he moved to study art, first at the Hornsey College of Art and later at the Chelsea School of Art and Design. He was born on 12 March 1954 in Bombay, India. During the 1980s and 1990s Kapoor was increasingly recognized for his biomorphic sculptures and installations, made with materials as varied as stone, aluminum, and resin, that appeared to challenge gravity, depth, and perception. In 1990 he represented Great Britain at the Venice Biennale with his installation Void Field, a grid of rough sandstone blocks, each with a mysterious black hole penetrating its top surface. The following year he was honoured with the Turner Prize, a prestigious award for contemporary art. Kapoor continued to explore the idea of the void during the remainder of the decade, creating series of works that incorporated constructions that receded into walls, disappeared into floors, or dramatically changed depth with a simple change in perspective.
In the early 21st century Kapoor's interest in addressing site and architecture led him to create projects that were increasingly ambitious in scale and construction. For his 2002 installation Marsyas at the Tate Modern gallery in London, Kapoor created a trumpetlike form by erecting three massive steel rings joined by a 550-foot (155-metre) span of fleshy red plastic membrane that stretched the length of the museum's Turbine Hall. In 2004 Kapoor unveiled Cloud Gate in Chicago's Millennium Park; the 110-ton elliptical archway of highly polished stainless steel nicknamed "The Bean" was his first permanent site-specific installation in the United States. For just over a month in 2006, Kapoor's Sky Mirror, a concave stainless-steel mirror 35 feet in diameter, was installed in New York City's Rockefeller Center. Both Cloud Gate and Sky Mirror reflected and transformed their surroundings and demonstrated Kapoor's ongoing investigation of material, form, and space. Kapoor received a Knighthood in the 2013 Birthday Honours for services to visual arts. He was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from the University of Oxford in 2014. In 2012 he was awarded Padma Bhushan by Congress led Indian government which is India's 3rd highest civilian award.