The book summarizes the Indian literature right from the history of Aryans to languages and nations in India. The book will provide an elementary information about its rich culture and literature. The present book is grouped into nineteen chapters covering the Aryan migration, Vedas, Mahabharata, Ramayana, Brahmanas, Upanishads, Sutra literature, Vedanta, Buddhism, Institutes of Manu, the Huns and the rise of Ujjain, Puranas, Tantras, Hindu legends and festivals, fiction like Hitopodesha and Panchatantra, the languages and literature etc. The book is prefaced by a comprehensive introduction by Prof T.W. Rhys-Davids. It is a complete book and can be easily understood even by the layman who has a curiosity to know the Indian literature.