Award Name : Nobel Prize
Year of Award : 2014
Award for : Literature
Location : Boulogne-Billancourt, Île-de-France, France
Jean Patrick Modiano (Born 30 July 1945) is a French novelist and recipient of the 2014 Nobel Prize in Literature. He previously won the 2012 Austrian State Prize for European Literature, the 2010 Prix mondial Cino Del Duca from the Institut de France for lifetime achievement, the 1978 Prix Goncourt for Rue des boutiques obscures, and the 1972 Grand Prix du roman de l'Académie française for Les Boulevards de ceinture. His works have been translated into more than 30 languages and have been celebrated in and around France,though only a few[quantify] were in circulation in English when he was awarded the Nobel Prize.
Modiano's childhood took place in a unique atmosphere. He was first brought up by his maternal grandparents who taught him Flemish, his first language.The absence of his father, and frequently also of his mother, on tour, brought him closer to his brother, Rudy, who died of a disease at age 10 (the works of Patrick Modiano from 1967 to 1982 are dedicated to him). Recalling this tragic period in his famed memoir Un Pedigree (2005), he said: "I couldn't write an autobiography, that's why I called it a 'pedigree': It's a book less on what I did than on what others, mainly my parents, did to me."Modiano studied at the École du Montcel primary school in Jouy-en-Josas, at the Collège Saint-Joseph de Thônes in Haute-Savoie, and then at the Lycée Henri-IV high school in Paris. While he was at Henri-IV, he took geometry lessons from writer Raymond Queneau, who was a friend of Modiano's mother. He received his baccalauréat in Annecy but did not continue his higher education.Modiano married Dominique Zehrfuss in 1970. In a 2003 interview with Elle she said: "I have a catastrophic souvenir of the day of our marriage. It rained. A real nightmare. Our groomsmen were Queneau, who had mentored Patrick since his adolescence, and Malraux, a friend of my father. They started to argue about Dubuffet, and it was like we were watching a tennis match! That said, it would have been funny to have some photos, but the only person who had a camera forgot to bring the film. There is only one photo remaining of us, from behind and under an umbrella!" Their marriage produced two daughters, Zina (1974) and Marie (1978).